Adrafinil is a nootropic drug that was discovered by French scientists in the 1970’s. It was marketed under the name Olmifon The drug is meant to be a cognitive enhancer, and is supposed to help keep users awake and alert. Most users take it in the morning to help them stay alert during the day. Other still take it in the evening in order to stay awake through some night events such as concerts and group studies.
The drug is also claimed to improve memory, although this has not been proven conclusively. To date, its most significant and confirmed effect remains its ability to fight sleep and fatigue.
Lafon Laboratories, the company that invented adrafinil, stopped selling it in Europe in 2011 after its marketing was stopped by the French authorities. Currently, the main users of the drug come from the USA and Canada, where its use is unregulated. You do not require a prescription to purchase the drug in these countries.
Once consumed, adrafinil is metabolized in the liver into modafinil, and this explains why the two substances have similar effects. The recommended dosage is 150-300 mg. Ideally, it should be taken in the morning since it has a long half-life. Otherwise, the user might experience poor quality sleep, or no sleep at all. The drug is most effective on an empty stomach. Typically, it will take effect within half an hour of ingestion, and the effect will last for about four hours.
Adrafinil is currently an unregulated and not conclusively researched drug. It has actually been banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).
That said, the nootropic has been used for decades now, and millions of people have already used it to treat narcolepsy or just to stay alert through the day. Side effects have been recorded, and these go all the way from mild to serious effects. Mild side effects include headaches, dizziness and stomach discomfort. Serious side effects are usually linked to the liver. For this reason, it is advisable to stay away from the drug if you have had any liver or heart disease in the past or present.
Benefits & Effects
Originally, adrafinil was used solely to fight sleep, and was therefore a treatment option for people with sleep apnea or narcolepsy. It is still used for this purpose, although other benefits of the drug have been discovered.
One of these benefits is its ability to make a user more alert and active. It can actually go a long way in improving performance in school, work, and generally in life. This is especially important for people who naturally suffer from low energy. In the same vein, adrafinil gets people more motivated to perform their tasks, thus making them more positive in life. In this way, the drug also helps people manage depression.
But that is only the indirect way through which it helps to control depression. Just like many other pleasure drugs, adrafinil also stimulates the dopamine receptors in the brain, making users experience some level of euphoria.
The drug has also been claimed to improve mental clarity, learning capacity and memory. Many users of the drug also find it easier to focus on complicated mental tasks after taking the drug. This is actually what makes it the go-to drug for students.
How It Works
It is not clearly understood how adrafinil works. However, several theories have been put forward to explain its mechanism.
It is believed that adrafinil works on the adrenergic system, the part of the nervous system that is responsible for the release of adrenalin. Adrenalin is a chemical that is released when the body and mind are under pressure. It enhances alertness and increases energy in the body. Adrafinil is thought to produce effects similar to these by stimulating the release of adrenergic neurotransmitters.
Scientists believe that adrafinil boosts the release of hypocretin, which is one of the neurotransmitters in the human body. This, in turn, leads to an increase in the production of dopamine, norepinephrine and histamine. These chemicals are involved in stimulating an individual, making them more alert and awake.
The drug also inhibits the breakdown of dopamine in the body, making the individual experience heightened levels of euphoria. It also stimulates the release of serotinine, a neurotransmitter that helps to reduce stress levels.
Users have reported side effects that range from very serious to very light. It is important to consult your doctor before starting to use this nootropic since you might have a pre-existing medical condition that could worsen its side effects. In general, people who have had heart or liver diseases in the past are advised against using this drug.
Here are some of the side effects of adrafinil:
· Dryness in the mouth
· Pain in the chest
· Heart palpitations